What is solution in systems of linear equations ?
The point of intersection is known as solution. In general , two lines may meet at a point, they meet at infinitely many points, they will never meet.
To draw the graph of the line, we have different ways. Here we follow of finding intercepts and drawing the graph.
Find the simultaneous solution of the following pairs of equations using graphical methods:
Problem 1 :
y = x + 1
y = 2x - 3
Solution :
y = x + 1
x-intercept : Put y = 0 0 = x + 1 x = -1 |
y -intercept : Put x = 0 y = 0 + 1 y = 1 |
y = 2x - 3
x-intercept : Put y = 0 0 = 2x - 3 2x = 3 x = 3/2 (3/2, 0) |
y -intercept : Put x = 0 y = 2(0) - 3 y = -3 (0, -3) |
The lines are intersecting at (4, 5). So, the solution is (4, 5).
Problem 2 :
y = x + 4
y = -x + 2
Solution :
y = x + 4
x-intercept : Put y = 0 0 = x + 4 x = -4 (-4, 0) |
y-intercept : Put x = 0 y = 0 + 4 y = 4 (0, 4) |
By joining the points (-4, 0) and (0, 4) we can get the first line.
y = -x + 2
x-intercept : Put y = 0 0 = -x + 2 -x = -2 x = 2 (2, 0) |
y-intercept : Put x = 0 y = -x + 2 y = -0 + 2 y = 2 (0, 2) |
By joining the points (2, 0) and (0, 2), we get the second line.
The point of intersection is (-1, 3). So, the solution is (-1, 3).
Problem 3 :
y = x + 2
y = -2x + 5
Solution :
y = x + 2
x-intercept : Put y = 0 0 = x + 2 x = -2 (-2, 0) |
y-intercept : Put x = 0 y = 0 + 2 y = 2 (0, 2) |
By joining the points (-2, 0) and (0, 2) we can get the first line.
y = -2x + 5
x-intercept : Put y = 0 0 = -2x + 5 -2x = -5 (5/2, 0) |
y-intercept : Put x = 0 y = -2(0) + 5 y = 5 (0, 5) |
By joining the points (-2, 0) and (0, 2) we can get the second line.
So, the solution is (1, 3).
Problem 4 :
y = 2x - 2
y = 1 - x
Solution :
y = 2x - 2
x-intercept : Put y = 0 0 = 2x - 2 2x = 2 x = 1 (1, 0) |
y-intercept : Put x = 0 y = 2(0) - 2 y = -2 (0, -2) |
By joining the points (1, 0) and (0, -2), we draw the first line.
y = 1 - x
x-intercept : Put y = 0 0 = 1 - x x = 1 (1, 0) |
y-intercept : Put x = 0 y = 1 - 0 y = 1 (0, 1) |
By joining the points (1, 0) and (0, 1), we draw the second line.
So, the solution is (1, 0).
May 21, 24 08:51 PM
May 21, 24 08:51 AM
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