A periodic function is one which repeats itself over and over in horizontal direction.
What is period ?
The period of a periodic function is the length of one repetition or cycle
What is amplitude ?
The amplitude is the vertical distance between a maximum point and the principal axis.
Give the amplitude and period of each function graphed below. Then write an equation of each graph.
i) Amplitude
ii) Period
iii) Equation
Problem 1 :
Solution :
i) By observing the pattern, it is the graph of sine function. Every sin functions will be in the form y = A sin Bx
Midline is x = 0, maximum = 3 and minimum = -3
Amplitude = (max - min)/2
= (3 - (-3))/2
= (3 + 3)/2
= 6/2
= 3
ii) Horizontal length of one cycle = π
Period = 2π/|B|
π = 2π/|B|
|B| = 2π/π
B = 2
iii) So, the equation represented by the graph is
y = 3 sin 2x
Problem 2 :
Solution :
i) By observing the pattern, it is the graph of cosine function. Every cosine functions will be in the form y = A cos Bx
Midline is x = 0, maximum = 4 and minimum = -4
Amplitude = (max - min)/2
= (4 - (-4))/2
= (4 + 4)/2
= 8/2
= 4
ii) Horizontal length of one cycle = 2π
Period = 2π/|B|
2π = 2π/|B|
|B| = 2π/2π
B = 1
iii) So, the equation represented by the graph is
y = 4 cos x
Problem 3 :
Solution :
i) By observing the pattern, it is the graph of sin function. Then, the required function will be in the form y = A sin Bx
Midline is x = 0, maximum = 2 and minimum = -2
Amplitude = (max - min)/2
= (2 - (-2))/2
= (2 + 2)/2
= 4/2
= 2
ii) Horizontal length of one cycle = 4π
Period = 2π/|B|
4π = 2π/|B|
|B| = 2π/4π
B = 1/2
iii) So, the equation represented by the graph is
y = 2 sin (1/2)x
Problem 4 :
Solution :
i) By observing the graph look like a reflection of cosine function. Then, the required function will be in the form
y = A cos Bx
Midline is x = 0, maximum = 5 and minimum = -5
Amplitude = (max - min)/2
= (5 - (-5))/2
= (5 + 5)/2
= 10/2
= 5
ii) Horizontal length of one cycle = 2π
Period = 2π/|B|
2π = 2π/|B|
|B| = 2π/2π
B = 1
iii) So, the equation represented by the graph is
y = -5 cos x
Problem 5 :
Solution :
i) By observing the graph look like a reflection of cosine function. Then, the required function will be in the form
y = A cos Bx
Midline is x = 0, amplitude = 3
ii) Horizontal length of one cycle = 4π
Period = 2π/|B|
4π = 2π/|B|
|B| = 2π/4π
B = 1/2
iii) So, the equation represented by the graph is
y = 3 cos (1/2) x
Problem 6 :
Solution :
i) By observing the graph looks like a graph of sin function. Then, the required function will be in the form
y = A sin Bx
Midline is x = 0, amplitude = 3
ii) Horizontal length of one cycle = 4π
Period = 2π/|B|
4π = 2π/|B|
|B| = 2π/4π
B = 1/2
iii) So, the equation represented by the graph is
y = 3 sin (1/2) x
Problem 7 :
Solution :
i) By observing the graph look like a reflection of sin function. Then, the required function will be in the form
y = A sin Bx
Midline is x = 0, amplitude = 2
ii) Horizontal length of one cycle = π
Period = 2π/|B|
π = 2π/|B|
|B| = 2π/π
B = 2
iii) So, the equation represented by the graph is
y = -2 sin 2 x
May 21, 24 08:51 PM
May 21, 24 08:51 AM
May 20, 24 10:45 PM