Problem 1 :

In each of the following diagrams:

(i)  Find the ratio of the shaded area to the unshaded area.

(ii)  Find the ratio of the shaded area to the total area.

(iii)  Find the fraction of the total area which is shaded.

Solution :

Problem 2 :

The pie chart represents the sales of three different types of soap powders, A, B and C.

a)  Write as a ratio:

(i)  The sales of A to the sales of B.

(ii)  The sales of A to the total sales.

b)  What fraction of the total sales made is the sales of brand A?

Solution :

a)

(i) By observing the figure,

The ratio of sales of  A to the sales of B

50% : 30%

(ii)

The ratio of sales of A to the total sales.

= 50 : 100

b)

Fraction Form

50/100 (or) 1/2

Problem 3 :

The column graph represents the results of a survey to determine the method by which students travel to school.

a)  Find the total number of students surveyed.

b)  Write as a ratio:

(i)  Students arriving by car : students who walk

(ii)  Students arriving by bus: total number of students surveyed.

c)  What fraction of the students surveyed travel to school by bus?

Solution :

a)

Number of students surveyed in car = 8

Number of students surveyed in bus = 14

Number of students surveyed in train = 11

Number of students surveyed in walk = 18

Number of students surveyed in bicycle = 13

Total number of students surveyed = 8 + 14 + 11+ 18 + 13

= 64 Students.

b)

(i)

Students arriving by car : students who walk

From (a),

= 8 : 18

(ii)

Students arriving by bus : total number of students surveyed

From (a),

14 : 64

c)

In fraction form,

From (b),

= 14/64 (or) 7/32

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