# FIND THE MISSING VALUE  WHEN DISTANCE IS GIVEN

To find distance between two points , we use the formula given below.

Let (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) be two endpoints of the line segment.

Use the given distance d between the two points to find the value of x or y.

Problem 1 :

(0, 3), (x, 5); d = 2√10

Solution :

d = √(x2 - x1)² + (y2 - y1

Let x1 = 0, x2 = x, y1 = 3, y2 = 5

Here d = 2√10

2√10 = √(x - 0)² + (5 - 3)²

2√10 = √x² + 2²

2√10 = √x² + 4

Taking squares on both sides,

(2√10)² = (√x² + 4)²

4 × 10 = x² + 4

40 = x² + 4

x² = 40 - 4

x² = 36

x = 6

So, the missing value of x is 6.

Problem 2 :

(-3, -1), (2, y); d = √41

Solution :

d = √(x2 - x1)² + (y2 - y1

Let x1 = -3, x2 = 2, y1 = -1, y2 = y

Here d = √41

√41 = √(2 + 3)² + (y + 1)²

√41 = √5² + (y + 1)²

√41 = √(25 + (y + 1)²)

Taking squares on both sides,

(√41)² = (√25 + (y + 1)²)²

41 = 25 + (y + 1)²

41 = 25 + y² + 1 + 2y

y² + 2y + 26 - 41 = 0

y² + 2y - 15 = 0

(y + 5) (y - 3) = 0

y = -5 (or) y = 3

So, the missing value of y is -5 or 3.

Problem 3 :

(x, 7), (-4, 1); d = 6√2

Solution :

d = √(x2 - x1)² + (y2 - y1

Let x1 = x, x2 = -4, y1 = 7, y2 = 1

Here d = 6√2

6√2 = √(-4 - x)² + (1 - 7)²

6√2 = √(-4 - x)² + (-6)²

6√2 = √(-4 - x)² + 36

Taking squares on both sides,

(6√2)² = (√(-4 - x)² + 36)²

36 × 2 = (-4 - x)² + 36

72 = x² + 8x + 16 + 36

x² + 8x + 52 - 72 = 0

x² + 8x - 20 = 0

(x - 2) (x + 10) = 0

x = 2 or x = -10

So, the missing value of x is 2 or -10.

Problem 4 :

(1, y), (8, 13); d = √74

Solution :

d = √(x2 - x1)² + (y2 - y1

Let x1 = 1, x2 = 8, y1 = y, y2 = 13

Here d = √74

√74 = √(8 - 1)² + (13 - y)²

√74 = √7² + (13 - y)²

√74 = √(49 + (13 - y)²)

Taking squares on both sides,

(√74)² = (√49 + (13 - y)²)²

74 = 49 + (13 - y)²

74 = 49 + 169 + y² - 26y

y² - 26y + 218 - 74 = 0

y² - 26y + 144 = 0

(y - 8) (y - 18) = 0

y = 8 or y = 18

So, the missing value of y is 8 or 18.

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