# EXTERIOR ANGLE THEOREM

An interior angle of a triangle is formed by two sides of the triangle. An exterior angle is formed by one side of the triangle and the extension of an adjacent side.

Each exterior angle has two remote interior angles. A remote interior angle is an interior angle that is not adjacent to the exterior angle.

Extend the base of the triangle and label the exterior angle as 4.

The Triangle Sum Theorem states :

m1 + m2 + m3 = 180 -----(1)

So, m3 + m4 = 180 -----(2)

(2) = (1)

m1 + m2 + m3 = m3 + m4

m1 + m2 = m4

Problem 1 :

Find the value of x.

Solution :

Using exterior angle theorem :

2x - 8 = x + 31

Subtracting x on both sides.

2x - x - 8 = 31

x = 31 + 8

x = 39

Problem 2 :

Solution :

Using exterior angle theorem :

7x + 1 + 38 = 10x + 9

7x + 39 = 10x + 9

Subtracting 39 on both sides.

7x - 10x + 39 = 9

Subtracting 39 on both sides.

-3x = 9 - 39

-3x = - 30

x = 10

Problem 3 :

Solution :

Since the given triangle is isosceles triangle,

x = y

x + y = 130

x + x = 130

2x = 130

x = 130/2

x = 65

Problem 4 :

Solution :

Since the given triangle is isosceles triangle,

∠y = 35

x + y = 180

x + 35 = 180

x = 180 -35

x = 145

Problem 5 :

Find mACB, mBCD and mDCE.

Solution :

In triangle ABC,

∠A + ∠B + ∠ACB = 180

78 + 58 ∠ACB = 180

136 ∠ACB = 180

∠ACB = 180 - 136

∠ACB = 44

In triangle DCE,

∠D + ∠E + ∠ECD = 180

60 + 85 ∠ECD = 180

∠ECD = 180 - 145

∠ECD = 35

∠ACB + ∠BCD + ∠DCE = 180

44 + 35 + ∠BCD = 180

∠BCD = 180 - 79

∠BCD = 101

Problem 6 :

Find mK, mL, mKML, m∠LMN.

Solution :

In triangle LKM :

K + ∠L + ∠KML = 180

2x + 3x + x = 180

6x = 180

x = 180/6

x = 30

∠L = 3x ==> 3(30) ==> 90

∠K = 2x ==> 2(30) ==> 60

∠KML = x ==> 30

∠LMN = 180 - 30 ==> 150

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