# DESCRIBING TRANSFORMATIONS FROM THE GIVEN GIVEN GRAPH OF EXPONENTIAL FUNCTION

## Transformations in Exponential Function

Compare each graph to f(x) = 2x . Write a description of each transformation and graph each function.

Problem 1 :

Solution :

Here the horizontal asymptote is y = -3

y = 2x - h + (-3) ---(1)

The exponential curve is passing through the (1, 5).

5 = 21 - h + (-3)

8 = 21 - h

23 = 21 - h

1 - h = 3

h = -2

By applying the value of h in (1), we get

y = 2x - (-2) + (-3)

y = 2x + 2 - 3

Transformations done :

Moving the parent function y = 2x,

2 units left and 3 units down

Problem 2 :

Solution :

Here the horizontal asymptote is y = 5. Observing the curve, it is reflected across x-axis.

y = -2x - h + 5 ---(1)

The exponential curve is passing through the (2, 4).

4 = -22 - h + 5

-1 = -22 - h

-20 = -22 - h

2 - h = 0

h = 2

By applying the value of h in (1), we get

y = -2x - 2 + 5

Transformations done :

Moving the parent function y = 2x,

Reflection across x-axis, 2 units right and 5 units up.

Problem 3 :

Solution :

Here the horizontal asymptote is y = -4.

y = 2x - h + (-4) ---(1)

The exponential curve is passing through the (3, 0).

0 = 23 - h - 4

4 = 23 - h

22 = 23 - h

3 - h = 2

h = 3 - 2

h = 1

By applying the value of h in (1), we get

y = 2x - 1 - 4

Transformations done :

Moving the parent function y = 2x,

1 unit right and 4 units down.

Problem 4 :

Solution :

Here the horizontal asymptote is y = -5.

y = 2x - h + (-5) ---(1)

The exponential curve is passing through the (1, 3).

3 = 21 - h - 5

8 = 21 - h

23 = 21 - h

1 - h = 3

h = 1 - 3

h = -2

By applying the value of h in (1), we get

y = 2x - (-2) - 5

y = 2x + 2 - 5

Transformations done :

Moving the parent function y = 2x,

2 unit left and 5 units down.

Problem 5 :

Solution :

Here the horizontal asymptote is y = 1.

y = 2x - h + 1 ---(1)

The exponential curve is passing through the (1, 2).

2 = 21 - h + 1

1 = 21 - h

20 = 21 - h

1 - h = 0

h = 1

By applying the value of h in (1), we get

y = 2x - 1 + 1

Transformations done :

Moving the parent function y = 2x,

1 unit right and 1 unit up

Problem 6 :

Solution :

Here the horizontal asymptote is y = 3. By observing the curve, it is reflected across x -axis

y = -2x - h + 3 ---(1)

The exponential curve is passing through the (3, 2).

2 = -23 - h + 3

-1 = -23 - h

-20 = -23- h

3 - h = 0

h = 3

By applying the value of h in (1), we get

y = -2x - 3 + 3

Transformations done :

Moving the parent function y = 2x,

Reflected across x-axis, 3 units left and 3 unit up.

Problem 7 :

Solution :

Here the horizontal asymptote is y = -3. By observing the curve, it is reflected across x -axis

y = 2x - h + (-3) ---(1)

The exponential curve is passing through the (3, -2).

-2 = 23 - h - 3

1 = 23 - h

20 = 23- h

3 - h = 0

h = 3

By applying the value of h in (1), we get

y = 2x - 3 - 3

Transformations done :

Moving the parent function y = 2x,

3 units right and 3 unit down.

Problem 8 :

Solution :

Here the horizontal asymptote is y = 4. By observing the curve, it is reflected across x -axis

y = -2x - h + 4 ---(1)

The exponential curve is passing through the (3, 3).

3 = -23 - h + 4

-1 = -23 - h

-20 = -23- h

3 - h = 0

h = 3

By applying the value of h in (1), we get

y = -2x - 3 + 4

Transformations done :

Moving the parent function y = 2x,

3 units right and 4 units up.

Problem 9 :

Solution :

Here the horizontal asymptote is y = 2. By observing the curve, it is reflected across x -axis

y = -2x - h + 2 ---(1)

The exponential curve is passing through the (1, 1).

1 = -21 - h + 2

-1 = -21 - h

-20 = -21- h

1 - h = 0

h = 1

By applying the value of h in (1), we get

y = -2x - 1 + 2

Transformations done :

Moving the parent function y = 2x,

Reflected across x-axis,1 unit right and 2 units up.

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