# COMPOSITION OF FUNCTIONS FROM THE GRAPH

Example 1 :

Using the graphs below, evaluate f (g(1))

Solution :

f (g(1))

The value of g(1) from the graph of g(x) is 3.

So, f (g(1)) = f(3)

Value of f(3) from the graph f(x) is 6.

Then, the value of f (g(1)) is 6.

Example 2 :

Use the graphs to evaluate the expressions below.

(i)  f (g(3))    (ii)  f (g (1))    (iii)  g( f (1))      (iv)  g ( f (0))

(v) f( f (5))     (vi)  f ( f (4))     (vii)  g(g(2))    (viii) g ( g (0))

Solution :

(i)  f (g(3))

From the graph of g(x), first we find g(3).

g(3) = 4

f (g(3)) = f(4)

From the graph f(x), we find f(4).

The value of f(4) is 0. So, f(g(3)) = 0.

(ii)  f (g (1))

Value of g(1) = 3, then f (g (1)) = f(3)

From the graph of f(x), the value of f(3) is 2.

(iii)  g( f (1))

Value of f(1) = 3, then g (f (1)) = g(3)

From the graph of g(x), the value of g(3) is 4.

(iv)  g ( f (0))

Value of f(0) = 4, then g (f (0)) = g(4)

From the graph of g(x), the value of g(4) is 5.

(v) f( f (5))

Value of f(5) = 1, then f (f (5)) = f(1)

From the graph of f(x), the value of f(1) is 3.

(vi)  f ( f (4))

Value of f(4) = 0, then f (f (4)) = f(0)

From the graph of g(x), the value of f(0) is 4.

(vii)  g(g(2))

Value of g(2) = 0, then g (g (2)) = g(0)

From the graph of g(x), the value of g(0) is 2.

(viii) g ( g (0))

Value of g(0) = 2, then g (g (0)) = g(2)

From the graph of g(x), the value of g(2) is 0.

Example 3 :

Use the graphs to evaluate the composition of functions.

(i)  (g ∘ f)(1)

(ii)  (g ∘ f)(5)

(iii)  (f ∘ g)(0)

(iv)  (f ∘ g)(2)

Solution :

(i)  (g ∘ f)(1) = g[f(1)]

The value of f(1) is -1.

g[f(1)] = g(-1)

The value of g(-1) is 3.

(g ∘ f)(1) = 3

(ii)  (g ∘ f)(5) = g[f(5)]

The value of f(5) is 1.

g[f(5)] = g[1]

The value of g(1) is 4.

(g ∘ f)(5) = 4

(iii)  (f ∘ g)(0) = f[g(0)]

The value of g(0) is 5.

f[g(0)] = f(5)

The value of f(5) is 1.

(iv)  (f ∘ g)(2) = f[g(2)]

The value of g(2) is 2.

f[g(2)] = f(2)

The value of f(2) is -2.

(f ∘ g)(2) = -2

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