AREA OF SIMILAR SOLIDS

If the sides of a rectangle are multiplied by k, a similar rectangle is obtained.

The new area = ka × kb

= k2 ab

= k2 × the old area

If an object or figure is enlarged by a scale factor of k, then

the area of the image = k2 × the area of the object

Consider the following similar shapes. Find

i) the scale factor

ii) the length or area marked by the unknown.

Problem 1 :

Solution :

i) scale factor  :

10 = k2 × 40

k2 = 10/40

k2 = 1/4

k = 1/2

ii) the length :

Length of smaller figure = Scale factor x length of small figure

x = k × 10

x = 1/2 × 10

x = 5 cm

Problem 2 :

Solution :

i) scale factor  :

9 = k × 6

k = 9/6

k = 3/2

Here, we find area of the large figure.

ii) Area :

Area of large shape = k2 × Area of smaller shape

x2k2 × 8

By applying the value of k, we get

x2 = (3/2)2 × 8

= 18 cm2

Area of the large shape is 18 cm2.

Problem 3 :

Solution :

i) scale factor :

5 = k × 2

k = 5/2

ii)  Area :

Area of large shape = k2 × Area of smaller shape

25 = (5/2)2 × x

25 = 25x/4

x = 25(4/25)

x = 4 cm2

Problem 4 :

Solution :

i) scale factor :

6 = k2 × 20

k2 = 6/20

k2 = 3/10

k = √3/10

k = 0.3

k ≈ 0.548

ii) the length :

Length of smaller shape = k (length of larger shape)

= k × 8

= 0.548 × 8

4.38 cm

Problem 5 :

Solution :

i) scale factor :

31.8 = k2 × 55.4

k2 = 31.8/55.4

k2 = 0.574

k = √0.574

k ≈ 0.758

ii) the length or area :

x = k × 4.2

x = 0.758 × 4.2

x ≈ 3.18 m

Problem 6 :

Solution :

i) scale factor :

7.25 = k × 5

k = 7.25/5

k 1.45

ii)  Area :

Area of the large shape = k2 x area of small shape

70 = k2 (x)

Applying the value of k, we get

70 = (1.45)2 x

x = 70/(1.45)2

x = 70/2.1025

x = 33.29

Approximately 33.3 cm2

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