ALGEBRA 1 STAAR RELEASED TEST WITH SOLUTIONS

Problem 1 :

The table shows the net revenue in millions of dollars of a company every three months for two years. An exponential function can be used to model the data.

Company

Which function best models the data ?

 F) r(x) = 223.06(1.09)x H) r(x) = 2,232.91(0.92)x G) r(x) = 1.09(223.06)x J) r(x) = 0.92(2,232.91)x

Solution :

Exponential function y = abx

274 = a × b--- (1)

389 = a × b--- (2)

Dividing (2) and (1) we get

389/274 = ab6/ab3

1.42 = b3

∛1.42 = b

1.12 = b

b = 1.12 substitute the equation (1), we get

274 = a × (1.12)3

274 = a × 1.40

274/1.40 = a

a = 195.71

y = 195.71(1.12)x

So, option A) is correct.

Problem 2 :

Which graph best represents this system of equations and its solution ?

2x = 6 - y

5x - 4y = 28

Solution :

2x = 6 - y

-y = 2x - 6

y = 6 - 2x --- (1)

5x - 4y = 28

5x - 28 = 4y

(5x - 28)/4 = y --- (2)

Equating equation (1) and (2), we get

6 - 2x = (5x - 28)/4

6 - 2x = 5x/4 - 28/4

6 - 2x = 5x/4 - 7

6 + 7 = 5x/4 + 2x

13 = (13/4)x

13 × 4/13 = x

x = 4

x = 4 substitute the equation (1).

y = 6 - 2(4)

y = 6 - 8

y = -2

Hence, (x, y) is (4, -2).

(4, -2) is a 4th quadrant.

So, option B) is correct.

Problem 3 :

Which function is equivalent to k(x) = x2 + 2x - 15 ?

F) k(x) = (x + 15) (x - 1)         G) k(x) = (x + 1) (x - 15)

H) k(x) = (x + 5) (x - 3)           J) k(x) = (x + 3) (x - 5)

Solution :

Given, k(x) = x2 + 2x - 15

= x2 - 3x + 5x - 15

k(x) = x(x - 3) + 5(x - 3)

k(x) = (x + 5) (x - 3)

So, option H) is correct.

Problem 4 :

Which graph best represents part of a quadratic function with a domain of all real numbers less than -4 ?

Solution :

Domain is all real values of x.

x < -4

So, option C) is correct.

Problem 5 :

The graph of a line passes through the points (-3, 1) and (5, 8).

What is the slope of the line ?

F) 9/2     G) 7/8      H) -9/2           J) -7/8

Solution :

Given, points (-3, 1) and (5, 8)

(x1, y1) = (-3, 1)

(x2, y2) = (5, 8)

Slope (m) = (y2 - y1)/(x2 - x1)

= (8 - 1)/(5 + 3)

= 7/8

So, option G) is correct.

Problem 6 :

A mail carrier delivers mail on one of two different routes : a morning route or an afternoon route. Each workday the mail carrier is assigned one of these two routes.

i) Last month the mail carrier delivered mail on the morning route 16 times and on the afternoon route 12 times, for a total distance traveled of 141 miles.

ii) This month the mail carrier delivered mail on the morning route 10 times and on the afternoon route 15 times, for a total distance traveled of 123.75 miles.

What is the distance of the morning route in miles ?

A) 5.25 ml           B) 6.00 ml           C) 4.75 ml        D) 5.00 ml

Solution :

Let 'x' be the morning route and 'y.' be the afternoon route.

i) Morning route x = 16 times

Afternoon route y = 12 times

Toatal distance = 141 miles

Let the equation = => 16x + 12y = 141 --- (1)

ii) Morning route x = 10 times

Afternoon route y = 15 times

Toatal distance = 123.75 miles

Let the equation = => 10x + 15y = 123.75 --- (2)

Multiplying (5) on equation (1).

80x + 60y = 705 --- (3)

Multiplying (8) on equation (2).

80x + 120y = 990 --- (4)

Equating the equation (3) and (4) we get,

-60y = -285

y = 285/60

y = 4.75 miles

y = 4.75 substitute the equation (1).

16x + 12(4.75) = 141

16x + 57 = 141

16x = 141 - 57

16x = 84

x = 84/16

x = 5.25 miles

Hence, the distance of the morning route in miles is 5.25 miles.

So, option A) is correct.

Problem 7 :

Quadratic functions p and q are graphed on the grid. The  graph of p was transformed to create the graph of q.

Which function best represents the graph of q ?

 F) q(x) = -(x - 2)2  H) q(x) = -x2 - 2 G) q(x) = -(x + 2)2  J) q(x) = -x2 + 2

Solution :

P ==> y = x2

q ==> y = -x

The graph q is 2 units up.

y = -x2 + 2

So, option J) is correct.

Problem 8 :

What is the solution to this equation ?

2(40 - 5y) = 10y + 5(1 - y)

A) 7.5          B) 15           C) 5         D) Not here

Solution :

2(40 - 5y) = 10y + 5(1 - y)

80 - 10y = 10y + 5 - 5y

80 - 5 = 10y + 10y - 5y

75 = 15y

y = 75/15

y = 15

So, option B) is correct.

Problem 9 :

The initial value of a home is \$200,000. The value of the home will increase at a rate of 6% each year.

Which graph best models this situation ?

Solution :

Option F is correct.

Problem 10 :

A coach has 96 golf balls for the school's golf team. The coach will give each player on the team 8 golf balls. The graph shows the linear relationship between y, the number of golf balls remaining for the team, and x, the number of players on the team.

The coach will use no more than 6 players on the school's golf team. Which set best represents the range of the function for this situation ?

A) {96, 84, 72, 60, 48, 36, 24}

B) {8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14}

C) {96, 88, 80, 72, 64, 56, 48}

D) {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}

Solution :

{(0, 96), (1, 88), (2, 80), (3, 72), (4, 64), (5, 56), (6, 48)}

Domain : {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}

Range : {96, 88, 80, 72, 64, 56, 48}

So, option C) is correct.

Problem 11 :

Linear function k has a zero of -2 and a y - intercept of 6. Which graph best represents k ?

Solution :

Linear function k has a zero of -2.

(-2, 0)

y - intercept of 6.

x intercept is 0.

(0, 6)

So, option G) is correct.

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